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Academic Writing using MS Word


22nd November, 2022

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Prakat Karki

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  • 2019 - : PhD in Psychology (UGC-JRF), CHRIST (Deemed to be) University, Bangalore, INDIA

  • 2014 - 2016: MSc in Clinical Psychology, CHRIST (Deemed to be) University, Bangalore, INDIA

  • 2011 - 2014: BA in Psychology Honors, CHRIST (Deemed to be) University, Bangalore, INDIA

  • 2008 - 2011: Cambridge University GCE A Levels (for 11th & 12th), GEMS Institute of Higher Education (GIHE), Lalitpur, NEPAL

  • 2008: School Leaving Certificate (SLC) from Galaxy Public School, Kathmandu, NEPAL

Scope for Input sessions in following areas/skills/tools

  • Scientific Writing using MS Word

  • Data management and Descriptive Statistics using MS Excel

  • Hypothesis testing and Inferential Statistics using SPSS

  • Logical and Quantitative Reasoning for Competitive Exams/Higher Education

  • Steps in Reviewing Scientific Literature

  • Experimental Psychology Tools- PEBL, E-Prime, PsychLab 101, PsyToolKit, z-Tree

  • Statistics Tools- SPSS, R, Factor, AMOS, Jamovi, JASP, MPlus

  • Academic Tools- Microsoft package and Google Suite

  • Data management Tools- Zenodo, OSF, Dryad Digital, Harvard Dataverse

  • Web tools- Wix, Wordpress, Canva


Academic Writing using MS Word

Types of formal written assignments

  1. Essays on specific topics

  2. Reflective reports

  3. Articles

  4. Dissertations/Thesis

  5. Reports

Formatting styles for academic works

  1. APA (American Psychological Association)

  2. MLA (Modern Language Association)

  3. Oxford

  4. ASA (American Sociological Association)

  5. Chicago

  6. Harvard

  7. Vancouver

  8. IEEE (Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers 

What is APA?

  • APA (American Psychological Association)

  • It is the most commonly used formatting style for manuscripts/reports/articles in the Social Sciences.

  • Currently on the 7th edition (2019)

  • Publication Manual given at 

APA regulates the following aspects of writing

  1. Stylistics (Headers, Alignments, Tables/figures, etc.)

  2. In-text citations

  3. References  (Bibliography- a list of all sources used in the paper)

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APA Stylistics: Basics

1. Point of view and voice in an APA paper

  • Use Third person point of view rather than using the first person point of view or the passive voice. For example

The study showed that…, NOT

 I found out that….

  • Use Active voice rather than passive voice. For example

The participants responded…, NOT

 The participants have been asked….

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2. Language in an APA paper

  • Clear: be specific in descriptions and explanations

  • Concise: condense information when you can

  • Plain: use simple, descriptive adjectives and minimize the figurative language


3. General Format of an APA paper

  •  Typed, double-spaced, with two spaces after punctuation between sentences on standard-sized paper (8.5”x11”) with 1” margins on all sides

  • in 10-12 pt. Times New Roman or a similar font

  • Includes a Page header (title) in the upper left- hand of every page and a Page number in the  upper right-hand side of every page

  • Numerals under 10 should be spelled out; 10 and above expressed as a number

  • Past tense of verbs should be generally used.

4. General Layout of an APA paper


1. APA Headings

APA uses a system of five heading levels


2. APA Table

  • Label a table with an Arabic numeral and provide a  title. The label and the title appear on separate lines above the table, flush-left and single-spaced. 

  •  Cite a source or add supplementary tables in a note below the table:


3. APA Figures

  •  Label a figure with an Arabic numeral and provide a title. The label and the title appear on the same line below the figure, flush-left .

  •  Cite the source below the label and the title:


4. APA Title Page


5. APA Abstract Page


6. APA Text (Main Body)

  •  The first text page is page number 3 

  •  Type the title of the paper centered, at the top of the page

  •  Type the text double-spaced with all sections following each other without a break

  •  Identify the sources you use in the paper in parenthetical in-text citations

  •  Format tables and figures

7. APA References

  • Center the title– References-- at the top of the page

  •  Double-space reference entries

  •  Flush left the first line of the entry and indent subsequent lines (hanging indent)

  •  Order entries alphabetically by the author’s surnames.

  • Invert authors’ names (last name first followed by initials).

  • Alphabetize reference list entries

  • Capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns. 

  • Capitalize all major words in journal titles. 

  • Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals.

  • Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal  articles or essays in edited collections.


8. APA Resources

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Research study on Polysusbtance use & its risk factors

Participate in this PhD research study by Mr. Prakat Karki on the topic of polysubstance use. Youths between 18 and 26 years and currently enrolled in college education in India are eligible to participate.

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